Treatments of Pneumothorax

 

The purpose of treating a pneumothorax is to relieve the pressure on the lung, by removing the air and hence allowing it to re-expand, and to prevent recurrences. The best method for achieving this depends on the severity of the lung collapse and on the patient's overall health.


Observation


In case of a small pneumothorax with mild or no symptoms simple close monitoring with a series of chest X-rays until the air is completely absorbed and the lung has re-expanded. This may require bed rest as any exertion may aggravate the collapse. Supplemental oxygen can speed the absorption process.


Needle Aspiration or Chest tube insertion


If a larger area of lung has collapsed, a needle or chest tube will be used to remove the air. The hollow needle or tube is inserted between the ribs into the air-filled space that is pressing on the collapsed lung. With the needle, a syringe is attached so the doctor can pull out the excess air - just like a syringe is used to pull blood from a vein. Chest tubes are often attached to a suction device that continuously removes air from the chest cavity and may be left in place for several hours to several days.


Pneumothorax

 

Symptoms of Pneumothorax

 

A pneumothorax (noo-mo-THOR-acks) is a collapsed lung due to air accumulating inside the chest cavity. Pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into
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Chest pain- Sudden, sharp chest pain on the same side as the affected lung. Shortness of breath- This may be mild or severe, depending
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Causes of Pneumothorax

 

Risk factors for pneumothorax

 

Pneumothorax can be caused by a chest injury, underlying lung disease or ruptured air blisters (blebs). Pneumothorax also can
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Anyone who has had one pneumothorax is at increased risk of another, usually within one to two years of the first episode.
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Complications from pneumothorax

 

 

   

Persistent air leak Air may sometimes continue to leak if the opening in the lung won't close. Surgery may eventually
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