Treatments of Pneumothorax


The purpose of treating a pneumothorax is to relieve the pressure on the lung, by removing the air and hence allowing it to re-expand, and to prevent recurrences. The best method for achieving this depends on the severity of the lung collapse and on the patient's overall health.


In case of a small pneumothorax with mild or no symptoms simple close monitoring with a series of chest X-rays until the air is completely absorbed and the lung has re-expanded. This may require bed rest as any exertion may aggravate the collapse. Supplemental oxygen can speed the absorption process.

Needle Aspiration or Chest tube insertion

If a larger area of lung has collapsed, a needle or chest tube will be used to remove the air. The hollow needle or tube is inserted between the ribs into the air-filled space that is pressing on the collapsed lung. With the needle, a syringe is attached so the doctor can pull out the excess air - just like a syringe is used to pull blood from a vein. Chest tubes are often attached to a suction device that continuously removes air from the chest cavity and may be left in place for several hours to several days.



Symptoms of Pneumothorax


A pneumothorax (noo-mo-THOR-acks) is a collapsed lung due to air accumulating inside the chest cavity. Pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into


Chest pain- Sudden, sharp chest pain on the same side as the affected lung. Shortness of breath- This may be mild or severe, depending


Causes of Pneumothorax


Risk factors for pneumothorax


Pneumothorax can be caused by a chest injury, underlying lung disease or ruptured air blisters (blebs). Pneumothorax also can


Anyone who has had one pneumothorax is at increased risk of another, usually within one to two years of the first episode.


Complications from pneumothorax




Persistent air leak Air may sometimes continue to leak if the opening in the lung won't close. Surgery may eventually



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License Number: U.P State Medical Council (India) No. 27637